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O157 and non-O157 STEC (E. coli)


Environmental factors influencing the quantitative distribution of microcystin and common potentially toxigenic cyanobacteria in U.S. lakes and reservoirs
John R. Beaver, Claudia E. Tausz, Kyle C. Scotese, Amina I. Pollard, and Richard M. Mitchell. Harmful Algae (2018) 78: 118-128

The ability of household pitcher-style water purifiers toremove microcystins depends on filtration rate and activated carbon source
Justin D. Chaffin, Erica L. Fox, Callie A. Nauman, Kristen N. Slodysko. Water Science and Technology: Water Supply (2018) April 20

Occurrence of Harmful Cyanobacteria in Drinking Water from a Severely Drought-Impacted Semi-arid Region
Juline M. Walter, Fabyano A. C. Lopes, Mônica Lopes-Ferreira, Lívia M. Vidal, Luciana Leomil, Fabiana Melo, Girlene S. de Azevedo, Rossandra M. S. Oliveira, Alba J. Medeiros, Adriana S. O. Melo, Carlos E. De Rezende, Amilcar Tanuri and Fabiano L. Thompson. Front. Microbiol. (2018) 9: Article 176

Evaluation of microcystin contamination in blue-green algal dietary supplements using a protein phosphatase inhibition-based test kit
David W. Marsana, Stephen M. Conrad, Whitney L. Stutts, Christine H. Parker, Jonathan R. Deeds. Heliyon (2018) 4: e00573

Algal Blooms and Cyanotoxins in Jordan Lake, North Carolina
Daniel Wiltsie, Astrid Schnetzer, Jason Green, Mark Vander Borgh, Elizabeth Fensin. Toxins (2018) 10: 92

Effect of chlorination by-products on the quantitation of microcystins in finished drinking water
Laura Rosenblum, Alan Zaffiro, William A. Adams, Steven C. Wendelken. Toxicon (2017) 138: 138-144

Algal bloom response and risk management: On-site response tools
Susan B. Watson, Arthur Zastepa, Gregory L. Boyer, Eric Matthews. Toxicon (2017) 129: 144-152

Cyanotoxins: Which detection technique for an optimum risk assessment?
Virginie Gaget, Melody Lau, Barbara Sendall, Suzanne Froscio, Andrew R. Humpage. Water Research (2017) 118: 227–238

Validation of ELISA methods for search and quantification of β-n-methylamino-l-alanine (BMAA) in water and fish tissue.
Maria Teresa Clausi, Valeria Vita, Milena Bruno, Cinzia Franchino, Gianluca Trifirò, Maria Paola Palumbo, Francesca Floridi, Rita De Pace. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry (2016) 96: 1290-1299

US EPA Method 546: Determination of Total Microcystins and Nodularins in Drinking Water and Ambient Water by ADDA Enzyme-Linked Immuosorbent Assay.
Alan Zaffiro, Laura Rosenblum, Steven C. Wendelken. US EPA, 24 pp, 815-B-16-011, September 2016.

Spatial and temporal variation in microcystins occurrence in wadeable streams in the Southeastern USA.
Keith A. Loftin, Jimmy M. Clark, Celeste A. Journey, Dana W. Kolpin, Peter C. Van Metre, and Paul M. Bradley. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (2016).

The effects of water sample treatment, preparation, and storage prior to cyanotoxin analysis for cylindrospermopsin, microcystin and saxitoxin.
Lisa Kamp, Jennifer L. Church, Justin Carpino, Erin Faltin-Mara, Fernando Rubio. Chemico-Biological Interactions (2016) 246:45-51.

Effects of trophic status on microcystin production and the dominance of cyanobacteria in the phytoplankton assemblage of Mediterranean reservoirs.
Maria Antonietta Mariani, Bachisio Mario Padedda, Jan Kaštovský, Paola Buscarinu, Nicola Sechi, Tomasa Virdis & Antonella Lugliè. Scientific Reports (2015) 5: Article number 17964.

Draft White Paper on Cyanotoxin Treatment.
Ohio EPA and American Water Works Association (2015).

Transfer of microcystin from freshwater lakes to Puget Sound, WA and toxin accumulation in marine mussels (Mytilus trossulus).
E.P. Preece, Barry C. Moore, and F. Joan Hardy. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety (2015) 122:98-105.

Evaluation of three field test kits to detect microcystins from a public health perspective.
Rocia Aranda-Rodriguez, Zhiyun Jin, Jeromy Harvie, Ashley Cabecinha. Harmful Algae (2015) 42:34-42.

Biodegradation of [D-Leu1] microcystin-LR by a bacterium isolated from sediment of Patos Lagoon estuary, Brazil.
Gilmar AF Lemes, Luiza W Kist, Mauricio R Bogo, João S Yunes. Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases (2015) 21:4.

2015 Drinking Water Health Advisories for Two Cyanobacterial Toxins.
U.S. EPA Office of Water, document 820F15003 (2015).

Biomarkers of brevetoxin exposure and composite toxin levels in hard clam (Mercenaria sp.) exposed to Karenia brevis blooms.
Ann Abraham, Kathleen R. El Said, Yuesong Wang, Edward L.E. Jester, Steven M. Plakas, Leanne J. Flewelling, Michael S. Henry, Richard H. Pierce. Toxicon 96 (2015) 82-88;

Responses of sympatric Karenia brevis, Prorocentrum minimum, and Heterosigma akashiwo to the exposure of crude oil.
Koray Özhan, Sibel Bargu. Ecotoxicology (2014) 23:1387-1398;

First report of microcystin-producing Fischerella sp. (Stigonematales, Cyanobacteria) in tropical Australia.
Samuel Cires, Carlos Alvarez-Roa, Susanna A. Wood, Jonathan Puddick, Virginia Loza, Kirsten Heimann. Toxicon 88 (2014) 62-66.

Phylogenies of microcystin-producing Cyanobacteria in the Lower Laurentian Great Lakes suggest extensive genetic connectivity.
Timothy W. Davis, Susan B. Watson, Mark J. Rozmarynowycz, Jan J.H. Ciborowski, Robert Michael McKay, George S. Bullerjahn. PLOS One, Sept. (2014).

Thicker filaments of Aphanizomenon gracile are more harmful to Daphnia than thinner Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii.
Lukasz Wejnerowski, Slawek Cerbin, Marcin Krzysztof Dziuba. Zoological Studies (2014).

Colorimetric microtiter plate receptor-binding assay for the detection of freshwater and marine neurotoxins targeting the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors.
Fernando Rubio, Lisa Kamp, Justin Carpino, Erin Faltin, Keith Loftin, Jordi Molgo, Romulo Araoz. Toxicon 91 (2014) 45-56.

Exposure to the cyanotoxin microcystin arising from interspecific differences in feeding habits among fish and shellfish in the James Rive Estuary, Virginia.
Wood, James D. et al. Environmental Science and Technology (2014), 48: 5194-5202.

Cylindrospermopsin accumulation and release by the benthic cyanobacterium Oscillatoria sp PCC 6506 under different light conditions and growth phases.
Myriam, B. et al. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 92. (2014) 2:243-247.

Exposure to the cyanotoxin microcystin arising from inter-specific differences in feeding habits among fish and shellfish in the James River Estuary, Virginia.
Wood, J.D. et al. Environ. Sci. Technol. (2014).

Recognition of an important water quality issue at zoos: prevalence and potential threat of toxic cyanobacteria.
Doster, E. et al. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine (2014) 45(1): 174-177.

Experimental manipulation of TN:TP ratios suppress cyanobacterial biovolume and microcystin concentration in large-scale in situ mesocosms.
Harris, Ted D. et al. Lake and Reservoir Management (2014) 30:72-83.

The extraction and analysis of cylindrospermopsin from human serum and urine.
Foss A.J., Aubel M.T. Toxicon (2013) 70: 54-61. 10.1016/j.toxicon.2013.04.007

Invasive dreissenid mussels and round gobies: a benthic pathway for the trophic transfer of microcystin.
Amanda E. Poste and Ted Ozersky. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (2013) vol. 32, 9:2159-2164.

The presence of microcystins in fish Cyprinus carpio tissues: a histopathological study.
Mitsoura et al. International Aquatic Research (2013) 5:8.

Monitoring toxic cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins (microcystins and cylindrospermopsins) in four recreational reservoirs (Khon Kaen, Thailand).
Somdee et al. Environ Monit Assess (2013) 185:9521-9529.

Assessment of Cylindrospermopsin Toxin in an Arid Saudi Lake Containing Dense Cyanobacterial Bloom.
Mohamed ZA, Sl-Shehri AM. Environ Monit Assess (2013) 185:2157-2166.

Microcystin Producing Cyanobacterial Communities in Amvrakikos Gulf (Mediterranean Sea, NW Greece) and Toxin Accumulation in Mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis).
Vareli K, Zarali E, Zacharioudakis GSA, Vagenas G, Varelis V, Pilidis G, Briasoulis E, Saninis I. Harmful Algae (2012) 109-118.

Assessment of Microcystin Distribution and Biomagnification in Tissues of Aquatic Food Web Compartments from a Shallow Lake and Evaluation of Potential Risks to Public Health.
Papadimitriou T, Kagalou I, Stalikas C, Pilidis G, Leonardos I D. Ecotoxicology (2012) 21:1155-1166.

Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Cyanotoxins and Their Relation to Other Water Quality Variables in Upper Klamath Lake, Oregon, 2007-2009.
Eldridge SLC, Wood TM, Echols KR. U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigation Report (2012), 2012-5069, 34 p.

Onboard Screening Dockside Testing as a New Means of Managing Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning Risks in Federally Closed Waters.
DeGrasse S, Conrad S, DiStefano P, Vanegas C, Wallace D, Jensen P, Hickey JM, Cenci F, Pitt J, Deardorr D, Rubio F, Easy D, Donovan MA, Laycock M, Rouse D, Mullen J. Deep-Sea Research II:

Toxin Content and Cytotoxicity of Algal Dietary Supplements.
Heussner AH, Mazija L, Fastner J, Dietrich DR. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology (2012), 265:263-271.

Evaluation of the Abraxis Strip Test for Microcystins for Use with Wastewater Effluent and Reservoir Water.
Humpage AR, Froscio SM, Lau H-M, Murphy D, Blackbeard J. Water Research (2012), 46:1556-1565.

Quantitative assessment of aerosolized cyanobacterial toxins at two New Zealand lakes.
S.A. Wood and D.R. Dietrich. J. Environ. Monit. (2011) 13:1617.

Effects of Freshwater Input on Nutrient Loading, Phytoplankton Biomass, and Cyanotoxin Production in an Oligohaline Estuarine Lake.
Bargu S, White JR, Li C, Czubakowski J, Fulweiler RW. Hydrobiologia, 2011, 661: 377-389.

Bioaccumulation of Microcystins By Fish Associated with A Persistent Cyanobacterial Bloom In Lago De Patzcuaro (Michoacan, Mexico).
Berry JP, Lee E, Walton K, Wilson AE, and Bernal-Brooks F. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 2011 SETAC.

Cyanotoxin mixtures and taste-and-odor compounds in cyanobacterial blooms from the Midwestern United States.
Graham, J.L. et al. Environ. Sci. Technol. (2010) 44: 7361-7368.

Evaluating the Potential Risk of Microcystins to Blue Crab (Callinectes sapidus) Fisheries and Human Health in a Eutrophic Estuary.
Garcia AC, Bargu S, Dash P, Rabalais NN, Sutor M, Morrison W, Walker ND. Harmful Algae (2010) 134-143.

Paralytic shellfish poisoning toxin-producing cyanobacterium Aphanizomenon gracile in northeast Germany.
Ballot A, Fastner J, Wiedner C. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2010, 76(4): 1173-80.

Composition and Toxic Potential of Cyanoprokaryota in Vacha Dam (Bulgaria).
I. Teneva, D. Belkinova, I. Dimitrova-Dyulgerova, M. Vlaknova and R. Mladenov. Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment, 2010, 24:2, 26-32 special edition.

Phytoplankton community of the drinking water supply reservoir Borovitsa (South Bulgaria) with an emphasis on cyanotoxins and water quality.
Ivanka Teneva, Rumen Mladenov, Detelina Belkinova, Ivanka Dimitrova-Dyulgerova and Balik Dzhambazov. Central European Journal of Biology (2010), 5(2): 231-239.

Responses of the rotifer Brachionus calyciflorus to two tropical toxic cyanobacteria (Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii and Microcystis aeruginosa) in pure and mixed diets with green algae.
Maria Carolina Silva Soares, Miquel Lürling, Vera L.M. Huszar. J. Plankton Res. (2010) 32 (7): 999-1008.

The cylindrospermopsin gene cluster of Aphanizomenon sp. strain 10E6: organization and recombination.
Anke Stüken, Kjetill S. Jakobsen; Microbiology (2010), 156: 2438-2451.

Microcystin Production in Epiphytic Cyanobacteria on Submerged Macrophytes.
Mohamed Z.A., Al Shehri A.M.; Toxicon (2010) 55: 1346-1352.

Cyanotoxin Mixtures and Taste-and-Odor Compounds in Cyanobacterial Blooms from the Midwestern United States.
Jennifer L. Graham, Keith A. Loftin, Michael T. Meyer, and Andrew C. Ziegler. Environ. Sci. Technol. (2010) 44 (19): 7361–7368

Accumulation of Microcystins in Water and Fish Tissues: An Estimation of Risks Associated with Microcystins in Most of the Greek Lakes.
Papadimitriou T, Kagalou I, Bacopoulos V, Leonardos ID. Environmental Toxicology (2009), pg 418.

A survey for the presence of microcystins in aquaculture ponds in Zaria, Northern-Nigeria: Possible public health implication.
Chia, A.M., Oniye, S.J., Ladan, Z., Lado, Z., Pila, A.E., Inekwe, V.U., Mmerole, J.U.; African Journal of Biotechnology (2009), 22: 6282-6289.

Novel toxic effects associated with a tropical Limnothrix/Geitlerinema-like cyanobacterium.
Bernard C, Froscio S, Campbell R, Monis P, Humpage A, Fabbro L. Environ Toxicol. 2009 Nov 30.

Survey of Toxic Algal (Microcystin) Distribution in Florida Lakes.
Bigham D.L., Hoyer M.V., Canfield Jr. D.E.; Lake and Reservoir Management 2009, 25:264-275.

Microcystin in Minnesota Lakes.
Heiskary S., Lindon M.; Lakeline (2009), 29(2): 23-28.

The Nebraska Experience.
Brakhage P.A. Lakeline (2009) 29(2): 29-33.

The Presence of Microcystins in Aquatic Ecosystems in Northern Nigeria: Zaria as a Case Study.
Chia A.M., Abolude D.S., Ladan Z., Akanbi O., Kalaboms A. Research Journal of Environmental Toxicology, 2009, 3(4): 170-178.

Phytoplankton Assemblages and Monitoring of Cyanotoxins in Trakiets Reservoir.
Teneva I., Belkinova D., Dimitrova-Dyulgerova I., Mladenov R. Scientific researches of the Union of Scientists in Bulgaria-Plovdiv, series B. Natural Sciences and Humanities, vol. 12, ISSN 1311-9192, Technics, Technologies, Natural Sciences and Humanities Session, 5-6 November 2009.

The first occurrence of the cyanobacterial alkaloid toxin cylindrospermopsin in the Czech Republic as determined by immunochemical and LC/MS methods.
Lucie Bláhová, Michal Oravec, Blahoslav Maršálek, Lenka Šejnohová, Zdeněk Šimek, and Luděk Bláha. Toxicon 2009, 53(5): 519-524.

Comparative determination of paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs) using five different toxin detection methods in shellfish species collected in the Aleutian Islands, Alaska.
Costa PR, Baugh KA, Wright B, Ralonde R, Nance SL, Tatarenkova N, Etheridge SM, Lefebvre KA. Toxicon. 2009 Sep 1;54(3):313-20.

Effect of Irrigation with Lake Water Containing Microcystins on Microcystin Content and Growth of Ryegrass, Clover, Rape, and Lettuce.
J.R. Crush, L.R. Briggs, J.M. Sprosen, S.N. Nichols; Environ Toxicol (2008), 23: 246–252.

Microcystin concentrations and genetic diversity of Microcystis in the lower Great Lakes.
Dyble J, Fahnenstiel GL, Litaker RW, Millie DF, Tester PA. Environ Toxicol. 2008, 23(4):507-16.

Characterization of Intracellular and Extracellular Saxitoxin Levels in Both Field and Cultured Alexandrium spp. Samples from Sequim Bay, Washington.
Kathi A. Lefebvre, Brian D. Bill, Aleta Erickson, Keri A. Baugh, Lohna O’Rourke, Pedro R. Costa, Shelly Nance, Vera L. Trainer. Mar. Drugs 2008, 6, 117-146.

Recreational Exposure to Low Concentrations of Microcystins During an Algal Bloom in a Small Lake.
Lorraine C. Backer, Wayne Carmichael, Barbara Kirkpatrick, Christopher Williams, Mitch Irvin, Yue Zhou, Trisha B. Johnson, Kate Nierenberg, Vincent R. Hill, Stephanie M. Kieszak, Yung-Sung Cheng; Mar. Drugs (2008), 6(2), 389-406.

Guidelines for Design and Sampling for Cyanobacterial Toxin and Taste-and-Odor Studies in Lakes and reservoirs.
Jennifer L. Graham, Keith A. Loftin, Andrew C. Ziegler, and Michael T. Meyer. US Geological Survey, Scientific Investigations Report 2008–5038 (2008)

Cyanotoxin ELISA Testing in Delaware.
Edythe Humphries, Katie Painter, and Ben Pressly. State of Delaware Environmental Laboratory (2008)

Comparison of Two Cell Lysis Procedures for Recovery of Microcystins in Water Samples from Silver Lake in Dover, Delaware, with Microcystin Producing Cyanobacterial Accumulations.
Loftin K.A., Meyer M.T., Rubio F., Kamp L., Humphries E., Whereat E.; U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 2008-1341.

Development of Sensitive Immunoassay Formats for Algal Toxins.
Rubio F., Kamp L., Church J., Slawecki R.; Abstracts of Papers, 234th ACS National Meeting, Boston, MA, Aug. 19-23, 2007, AGRO-005.

Characterization of Aerosols Containing Microcystin.
Cheng Y.S., Zhou Y., Irvin C.M., Kirkpatrick B., Backer L.C.; Marine Drugs 2007, 5: 136-150.

Epidemiology of recreational exposure to freshwater cyanobacteria – an international prospective cohort study.
Ian Stewart, et al. BMC Public Health 2006, 6:93.

Recovery of MC-LR in Fish Liver Tissue.
Ernst B., Dietz L., Hoeger S.J., Dietrich D.R.; Environmental Toxicology 20 (2005), 4: 449-458.

A review of analytical methods for assessing the public health risk from microcystin in the aquatic environment.
Peter R. Hawkins, Sreten Novic, Peter Cox, Brett A. Neilan, Brendan P. Burns, Glen Shaw, Wasa Wickramasinghe, Yuwadee Peerapornpisal, Werawan Ruangyuttikarn, Tomoaki Itayama, Takeshi Saitou, Motoyuki Mizuochi and Yuhei Inamori. Journal of Water Supply: Research and Technology (2005), 54.8: 509-518.

Congener-Independent Immunoassay for Microcystins and Nodularins.
Fischer W.J., Garthwaite I., Miles C.O., Ross K.M., Aggen J.B., Chamberlin A.R., Towers N.R., Dietrich D.R.; Environ. Sci. Technol. (2001), 35: 4849-4856.

Current Situation and Perspective for HABs Monitoring on the Russian Pacific Coast.
Orlova T.


Impact of secondary treatment types and sludge handling processes on estrogen concentration in wastewater sludge.
Erica J. Marti, Jacimaria R. Batista. Science of the Total Environment 470-471 (2014) 1056-1067.

Land-cover effects on the fate and transport of surface-applied antibiotics and 17-beta-estradiol on a Sandy Outwash Plain, Anoka County, Minnesota, 2008-09.
Trost, J.J., Kiesling, R.L., Erickson, M.L., Rose, P.J., and Elliott, S.M., Scientific Investigations Report 2013-5202, p. 51. U. S. Department of the Interior, U. S. Geological Survey.

Removal of 17ß-Estradiol by nylon filter membrane: adsorption kinetics and thermodynamics.
Min Liu, Edward P.C. Lai, Yu Yang. IJRRAS (2012 Apr) 11(1): 67.

Comparative study of an estradiol enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit, liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry, and ultra performance liquid chromatography–quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry for part-per-trillion analysis of estrogens in water samples.
Marinella Farré, Marina Kuster, Rikke Brix, Fernando Rubio, María-J. López de Aldaand Damià Barceló; Journal of Chromatography A (2007), 1160(1-2): 166-175.

Laying-Sequence-Specific Variation in Yolk Oestrogen Levels, and Relationship to Plasma Oestrogen in Female Zebra Finches (Taeniopygia guttata).
Williams T.D., Ames C.E., Kiparissis Y., Wynne-Edwards K.E.; Proc. R. Soc. B (2005) 272: 173-177.


Effects of exposure to the toxin Cry1Ab through Bt maize fed prey on the performance and digestive physiology of the predatory rove beetle Atheta coriaria.
Matías García, Félix Ortego, Pedro Castañera, and Gema P. Farinós. Biological Control (2010) 55(3): 225-233.

Cry1Ab Toxin Production of Mon 810 Transgenic Maize.
Székács A, Lauber E, Juracsek J, Darvas B.; Environ Toxicol Chem. (2010), 29(1):182-190.

Molecular phylogeny of 12 families of the Chinese butterflies based on mitochondrial ND1 and 16S rRNA gene sequences (Lepidoptera: Ditrysia: Rhopalocera).
Zou F., Hao J., Huang D., Zhang D., Zhu G., Zhu C.; Acta Entomologica Sinica, 2009, 52(2): 191 – 201.

Is the Cry1Ab Protein from Bacillusthuringiensis (Bt) Taken Up by Plants from Soils Previously Planted with Bt Corn and by Carrot from Hydroponic Culture?
Icoz I., Andow D., Zwahlen C., and Stotzky G.; Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology (2009), 83(1): 48-58.

Reduced fitness of Daphnia magna fed a Bt-transgenic maize variety.
Bøhn T, Primicerio R, Hessen DO, Traavik T;

No Evidence for the Uptake of Cry1Ab Bt-endotoxins by the Generalist Predator Scarites subterraneus (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in Laboratory and Field Experiements.
Harwood J.D., Samson R.A., Obrycki J.J.; Biocontrol Science and Technology (2006), 16(4): 377-388.

Food safety: screening tests used to detect and quantify GMO proteins.
Monica Ermolli, Anna Fantozzi, Massimiliano Marini, Domenico Scotti, Branko Balla, Sebastian Hoffmann, Maddalena Querci, Claudia Paoletti and Guy Van den Eede.; Accreditation and Quality Assurance: Journal for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement (2006), 11(1-2): 55-57.

An Innovative High Throughput Assay for the Detection and the Quantification of Mon 810 and Bt 11 in Maize.
Fantozzi A., Massimiliano M., Domenico S., Ermolli M., Eede G.D.; European Commission Joint Research Centre.


Evaluation of a Quechers-like extraction APPROACH for the determination of PBDEs in mussels by Immuno-assay-based screening methods.
S Romanellia, F Bettazzi, T Martellini, WL Shelver, A Cincinelli, R Galarini, I Palchetti. Talanta (2017), in press.

Serum levels of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in girls with premature thelarche.
Annalisa Deodati, et al. Horm Res Paediatr (2016) 86: 233-239 .

Effects of Stormwater and Snowmelt Runoff on ELISA-EQ Concentrations of PCDD/PCDF and Triclosan in an Urban River.
Urbaniak M, Tygielska A, Krauze K, Mankiewicz-Boczek J. PLoS ONE (2016) 11(3).

Utilisation of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for determination of alkylphenols in various environmental matrices. Comparison with LC-MS/MS method.
Camille Pasquet, Emmanuelle Vulliet. Talanta (2011), 85: 2492-2497.

Development of an immunoassay and a sol–gel-based immunoaffinity cleanup method for coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls from soil and sediment samples.
Miriam Altstein, Orna Ben Aziz, Nir Skalka, Alisa Bronshtein, Jane C. Chuang and Jeanette M. Van Emon. Analytica Chimica Acta (2010), 675(2): 138-147.

Bisphenol A Blood and Saliva Levels Prior To and After Dental Sealant Placement In Adults.
Zimmerman Downs, Joyce M.; Shuman, Deanne; Stull, Sharon C.; Ratzlaff, Robert E.; Journal of Dental Hygiene (2010), 84(3): 145-150(6).

Development of a magnetic particle immunoassay for polybrominated diphenyl ethers and application to environmental and food matrices.
Weilin L. Shelver, Carmen D. Parrotta, Richard Slawecki, Qing X. Li, Michael G. Ikonomou, Damià Barcelo, Silvia Lacorte and Fernando M. Rubio. Chemosphere (2008), 73(1): S18-S23, Supplement 1.

Measurement of Triclosan in Water Using a Magnetic Particle Enzyme Immunoassay.
Shelver W.L., Kamp L.M., Church J.L., Rubio F.M.; J. Agric. Food Chem. (2007), 55(10): 3758–3763.

TEQ screening in fish oil using two ELISA kits for dioxin-like PCBs.
Hasegawa J., Guruge K.S., Seike N., Shirai Y., Yamata T., Yamanaka N., Miyazaki S.; Organohalogen Compounds (2007), 69, 612/1 – 612/4.


Monitoring Legionella to Address a Growing Problem
Diana Hulboy, December 2016

Legionella: A Growing Problem
Diana Hulboy, Water Quality Products Magazine, May 2016

Preventing an Outbreak of Legionnaires’ Disease.
Diana Hulboy, Waste Management, February 2016

Legionella proposed for inclusion in EPA’s Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule (UCMR) 4.
Diana Hulboy, January 20, 2016, on


Two New Competitive ELISA Methods for the Determination of Caffine and Cotinine in Wastewater and River Waters.
Simone Nicolardi, Sonia Herrera, Maria Jesus Martinez Bueno, Amadeo R Fernandez-Alba; Analytical Methods (2012), 4: 3364-3371.


Time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay of zearalenone in cereals with a europium chelate as label.
Zhihong MA, Biao HUANG, Jue ZHANG, Yi ZHANG, Lan ZHU,Qiang TU; Journal of Rare Earths (2009), 27(6): 1088-1091.

O157 and non-O157 STEC (E. coli):

Escherichia coli O104:H4: a New Challenge in Iraq.
Muna AL-Musawi, Kamil AL-Jobori, Adil Al-Musawi, Sahar Ali; Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research (2018), 10: 1118-1121.

Novel monoclonal antibodies against Stx1d and 1e and their use for improving immunoassays.
Xiaohua He, Stephanie Patfield, Reuven Rasooly, Daniela Mavrici; Journal of Immunological Methods (2017), 447: 52-56.

Evaluation of ELISA Tests Specific for Shiga Toxin 1 and 2 in Food and Water Samples.
Andrew G. Gehring, Pina M. Fratamico, Joseph Lee, Leah E. Ruth, Xiaohua He, Yiping He, George C. Paoli, Larry H. Stanker, Fernando M. Rubio; Food Control (2017), 77: 145-149.

Validation of Two New Immunoassays for Sensitive Detection of a Broad Range of Shiga Toxins.
Kong Q, Patfield S, Skinner C, Stanker LH, Gehring AG, Fratamico PM, et al.; Austin Immunology (2016), 1(2): 1007.

Detection and Isolation of Shiga Toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O104 and Other STEC Serogroups of Public Health Concern.
Baranzoni GM, Fratamico P, Rubio F, Glaze T, Launchi N, Bagi L, Albonetti S; Poster, International Association for Food Protection (IAFP) Annual Meeting, Indianapolis, Indiana, 2014.

Development and Evaluation of Latex Agglutination Tests, Immunomagnetic Beads and ELISAs for Non—0157 Shiga Toxin-Producing E. coli (STEC).
Rubio F, Glaze T, Medina M, Fratamico P, Fan X; Poster, 126th AOAC Annual Meeting and Exposition, Las Vegas, Nevada, 2012.

Detecting deadly colonies of E. coli.
Rosalie M. Bliss. Agricultural Research (2013), July: 18-19.


Glyphosate Levels in American Food Products Meet Government Safety Levels Yet Exceed Concentrations Associated with Negative Effects.
Alexandra Lee, Nancy Jobsz, Daniel Thomas. Journal of Emerging Investigators (2019) 2: 1-6.

Glyphosate residue concentrations in honey attributed through geospatial analysis to proximity of large-scale agriculture and to a biological mechanism whereby the herbicide enters the food chain.
Carl J. Berg, H. Peter King, Glenda Delenstarr, Ritikaa Kumar, Fernando Rubio, Tom Glaze. PLOS ONE, manuscript in review, April 2018.

Glyphosate monitoring in water, foods, and urine reveals an association between urinary glyphosate and tea drinking: A pilot study.
Joshuva John and He Liu. Int J Env Health Eng (2018) 7: 2.

Biomonitoring of Danish school children and mothers including biomarkers of PBDE and glyphosate.
Knudsen LE, Hansen PW, Mizrak S, Hansen HK, Mørck TA, Nielsen F, Siersma V, Mathiesen L. Reviews on Environmental Health, published online March 17, 2017.

Glyphosate Residues in Groundwater, Drinking Water and Urine of Subsistence Farmers from Intensive Agriculture Localities: A Survey in Hopelchén, Campeche, Mexico.
Jaime Rendon-von Osten and Ricardo Dzul-Caamal. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health (2017) 14(6): 595.

Elevated Urinary Glyphosate and Clostridia Metabolites With Altered Dopamine Metabolism in Triplets With Autistic Spectrum Disorder or Suspected Seizure Disorder: A Case Study.
William Shaw. Integrative Medicine (2017) 16: 50-57.

Inkjet-printed microtiter plates for portable electrochemical immunoassays.
M Jović, Y Zhu, A Lesch, A Bondarenko, F Cortés-Salazar, F Gumy, HH Girault. Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry (2017) 786: 69–76.

Land use effects on pesticides in sediments of prairie pothole wetlands in North and South Dakota.
S McMurry, J Belden, L Smith, S Morrison, D Daniel, B Euliss, N Euliss Jr., B Kensinger, B Tangen. Science of The Total Environment (2016) 565: 682–689.

Biochemical investigations and glyphosate detection in downer cow syndrome.
R Rulff, W Schrödl, S Basiouni, M Krüger; International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research 2016, 7(4): 1548-53.


Determining the presence of glyphosate through the Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) technique in the protected landscape Laguna de Rocha and its surroundings, Uruguay.
Nardo, Daniela, Evia, Gerardo, Castiglioni, Enrique, Egaña, Eduardo, Galietta, Giovanni, Laporta, Martín, Núñez Chichet, María Eugenia; INNOTEC 2015, 10 (64 – 70).

Atrazine and glyphosate dynamics in a lotic ecosystem: the common snapping turtle as a sentinel species.
Derrick L. Douros, Karen F. Gaines, James M. Novak. Environ Monit Assess (2015) 187:114.

Glyphosate-rich air samples induce IL-33, TSLP and generate IL-13 dependent airway inflammation.
Sudhir Kumar, Marat Khodoun, Eric M. Kettleson, Christopher McKnight, Tiina Reponen, Sergey A. Grinshpun, Atin Adhikari. Toxicology (2014) 325: 42-51.

Survey of glyphosate residues in honey, corn and soy products.
Fernando Rubio, Emily Guo, Lisa Kamp; J Environ Anal Toxicol (2014) 5:1.

Environmental and toxicological impacts of glyphosate with its formulating adjuvant.
Szekacs et al. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology International Journal of Agricultural, Biosystems Science and Engineering 2014, Vol. 8, No. 3.

Detection of glyphosate residues in animals and humans.
Kruger et al.; J Environ Anal Toxicology 2014, 4:2.

Field investigations of glyphosate in urine of Danish dairy cows.
Kruger et al.; J Environ Anal Toxicology 2013, 3:5.

Comparison of four commercial enzymatic assay kits for the analysis of organophosphate and carbamate insecticides in vegetables.
Xu T, Wang X, Slawecki R, Rubio F, Li J, Li Q X; Food Control (2012) 27: 94 – 99.

Determination of glyphosate residues in Hungarian water samples by immunoassay.
Mörtl M., et al.; Microchem J. (2013) 107: 143 – 151.

Application of a permethrin immunosorbent assay method to residential soil and dust samples.
Chuang J.C., Van Emon J.M., Tefft M.E., Wilson N.K.; Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B: Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes (2010), 45:6, 516-523.

Development of a sensitivity enhanced multiplexed fluorescence covalent microbead immunosorben assay (FCMIA) for the measurement of glyphosate, atrazine and metolachlor mercapturate in water and urine.
Biagini R.E., Smith J.P., Sammons D.L., MacKenzie B.A., Striley C.A.F., Robertson S.K., Snawder J.E.; Anal Bioanal Chem (2004) 379: 368-374.

Responses of stream macroinvertebrates and ecosystem function to conventional, integrated and organic farming.
Francis S. Magbanua, Colin R. Townsend, Grant L. Blackwell, Ngaire Phillips, Christoph D. Matthaei. Journal of Applied Ecology (2010), 47(5): 1014–1025.

Comparison of immunoassay and HPLC-MS/MS used to measure urinary metabolites of atrazine, metolachlor, and chlorpyrifos from farmers and non-farmers in IowaComparison of immunoassay and HPLC-MS/MS.
Brian D Curwin, Misty J Hein, Dana B Barr and Cynthia Striley; Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology (2010), 20: 205-212.

Plasma levels of DDE/DDT and liver function in malaria control personnel 6 months after indoor residual spraying with DDT in northern Uganda, 2008.
Bimenya GS, Harabulema M, Okot JP, Francis O, Lugemwa M, Okwi AL.; S Afr Med J. (2010), 100(2):118-21.

Toxicity of Formulated Glyphosate (Glyphos) and Cosmo-Flux to Larval Colombian Frogs 1. Laboratory Acute Toxicity.
M.H. Bernal; K.R. Solomon; G. Carrasquilla. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A, (2009), 72(15-16): 961 – 965.

Evaluation of an ELISA Method for Acetochlor Analysis in the Le Sueur River Watershed.
VanRyswyk B., Tollefson D.; Minnesota Department of Agriculture, Dec. 2009.

Rapid and Sensitive Screening Method for the Detection of Organophosphates and Carbamates in Water and Food Samples.
Slawecki R., Rubio F.; Abstract, 236th ACS National Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, Aug. 17-21, 2008, AGFD-187.

Low cost monitoring of glyphosate in surface waters using the ELISA method: an evaluation.
Byer JD, Struger J, Klawunn P, Todd A, Sverko E.; Environ Sci Technol. (2008), 42(16): 6052-6057.

Development of a Magnetic Particle-Based Enzyme Immunoassay for the Determination of Penoxsulam in Water.
Rubio D.R., Kamp L.M., Heilman M., Williams L., Rubio F.M.; J. Agric. Food Chem. (2008), 56(17): 7606-7612.

Urinary pesticide concentrations among children, mothers and fathers living in farm and non-farm households in Iowa.
Curwin BD, Hein MJ, Sanderson WT, Striley C, Heederik D, Kromhout H, Reynolds SJ, Alavanja MC.
Ann Occup Hyg (2007) Jan; 51(1):53-65.

Sucrose amendment enhances phytoaccumulation of the herbicide atrazine in Arabidopsis thaliana.
Cécile Sulmon, Gwenola Gouesbet, Françoise Binet, Fabrice Martin-Laurent, Abdelhak El Amrani , Ivan Couée. Environmental Pollution (2007), 145(2): 507-515.

Development of a Permethrin Magnetic Particle-Based ELISA.
Rubio F., Parrotta C., Kamp L., Chruch J., Stanker L.H. Abstract, 232nd ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Sept. 10-14, 2006, AGRO-153.

Enzyme linked immunoassay analysis (ELISA) of Atrazine in raw and finished drinking water.
Jiang H., Graziano N., Roberson A., McGuire M. Environmental Engineering Science (2006), 23(2): 357-366.

2004 National Atrazine Occurrence Monitoring Program Using the Abraxis ELISA Method.
Graziano N., McGuire M., Roberson A., Adams C., Jiang H., Blute N.; Environmental Science and Technology (2006), 40(4): 1163-1171.

Comparison of a Direct ELISA and an HPLC Method for Glyphosate Determinations in Water.
Fernando Rubio, Linda J. Veldhuis, B. Stephen Clegg, James R. Fleeker, and J. Christopher Hall. J. Agric. Food Chem. (2003), 51(3): 691–696.

Immunoassay Detection of Herbicide Residues in Corn.
Connie L. Hardy, Charles R. Hurburgh, Jr.; Cereal Chem. (1994), 71(2): 107-111.


Adsorption of sulfamethazine from environmentally relevant aqueous matrices onto hypercrosslinked adsorbent MN250.
Maria E. Grimmett. Journal of Environmental Quality (2015), 44(4):1183-92.

Analytical evaluation of a high-throughput enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for acrylamide determination in fried foods.
Milan Franek, Daniel Rubio, Iva Diblikova, Fernando Rubio. Talanta 123(2014) 146-150.

Removal of sulfamethazine by hypercrosslinked adsorbents in aquatic systems.
Maria E. Grimmett. Journal of Environmental Quality (2013), 42: 2-9.

Screening and confirmatory methods for the determination of melamine in cow’s milk and milk-based powdered infant formula: Validation and proficiency-tests of ELISA, HPLC-UV, GC-MS and LC-MS/MS.
Lutter P, Savoy-Perroud MC, Campos-Gimenez E, Meyer L, Goldmann T, Bertholet MC, Mottier P, Desmarchelier A, Monard F, Perrin C, Robert F, Delatour T; Food Control (2011) 22:903-913.

Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay Detection of Melamine in Infant Formula and Wheat Food Products.
Garber E.A., Brewer V.A.; J. Food Protein (2010) 73(4):701-7

High-throughput screening of dioxins in sediment and soil using selective pressurized liquid extraction with immunochemical detection.
Jane C. Chuang, Jeanette M. Van Emon, Mary E. Schrock. Chemosphere (2009), 77(9): 1217-1223.

ELISA for Sulfonamides and Its Application for Screening in Water Contamination.
Weilin L. Shelver, Nancy W. Shappell, Milan Franek, Fernando R. Rubio. J. Agric. Food Chem. (2008), 56(15): 6609–6615

Detection of melamine using commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay technology.
Garber E.A.; J Food Prot. (2008); 71(3):590-4.

High-Throughput Melamine Detection with SpectraMax Absorbance Microplate Readers and Abraxis’ Melamine ELISA Kit.
David C. Deardorff & Cathy Olsen   Application Note

Dioxins and Other Environmental contaminants in Food.
Shelver W., Kamp L., Church J., Rubio F.; Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, 2007, Apr. 25th.

Sulfamethazine uptake by plants from manure-amended soil.
Dolliver H, Kumar K, Gupta S. J Environ Qual. (2007), 36(4): 1224-30.